Electrostatic Boundary Conditions and (Electro)Chemical Interface Stability

B. Huang, P. Erhart, T. Yang, and A. Klein
Advanced Materials Interfaces 10, 2300332 (2023)
doi: 10.1002/admi.202300332
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Interface stability is a key factor for stable operation of electronic and electrochemical devices. This contribution introduces an approach for the operando analysis of interfaces using photoelectron spectroscopy employing a solid oxide electrochemical cell. The combined chemical and electronic information provided by the experiment reveals that not only chemical but also electrostatic boundary conditions are essential for interface stability. The approach is demonstrated using (anti-)ferroelectric (Pb,La)(Zr,Sn,Ti)O3 dielectrics.